1842 was a year of crisis in Britain, and no more so than in the West Riding town of Halifax. A great strike of all trades took place across England in 1842. It reached its zenith in the industrial towns of the north, starting in the small communities of Lancashire and quickly spreading to the West Riding of Yorkshire as Lancashire marchers poured across the Pennines. In hand with its neighbouring town of Huddersfield, Halifax was noted for its opposition to the New Poor Law which, in 1834, attempted to abolish outdoor relief for the poor, for its support of a maximum ten-hour working day and the Chartists’ call for workers’ voting rights. When Bradford publican ‘Fat Peter’ Bussey attended the first Chartist Convention in London in 1839, he took with him the West Riding petition bearing 52,800 signatures, 25 percent of which had been given at Halifax.
This book discusses the efforts made by the men and women of Halifax in these early years of organised agitation for social reform, their ‘clandestine meetings and nightly drilling’, their ‘determination, resilience and militancy’ to gain a say in the laws under which they lived. It tells of the fight for the legislative rights of workers like seventeen-year-old Patience Kershaw, who dragged loads of coal for twelve hours each day along narrow and dangerous passages under the hills of Halifax.
When the Lancashire marchers arrived at Halifax in the hot summer of 1842, the cavalry attempted to clear the streets with their sabres and a violent response was inevitable, arrests quickly followed. The climax came when many hundreds of the men and women of Halifax fought against British soldiers on 16th August 1842, an event which led to the humiliation of a proud platoon of Prince Albert’s Own and to the death of at least six men of Halifax.
For those who want to know the detail of what happened on that momentous day, this must now be the definitive account, Stephen Roberts, Visiting Research Fellow in Victorian History, Newman University, Birmingham.
Unite the Union’s Book of the Month, October 2016.
- 1 Mines and Mills
- 2 Halifax and Its Workhouse (1837)
- 3 The Start of the Chartist Campaign (1837)
- 4 The Nature of the Chartist Campaign (1838-1839)
- 5 The Risings of 1839 -1840
- 6 A Lull (1840-1841)
- 7 Commission into Mines (1841)
- 8 The 1841 Election and Chartist Revival
- The Year of Crisis
- 9 Exposure of Mine Working (1842)
- 10 The Great Strike Comes To Halifax (1842)
- 11 The Salterhebble Hill Attack (1842)
- 12 The Haley Hill Attack (1842)
- 13 The Aftermath (1842)
- 14 The Miners Unite (1842-1843)
- 15 The Passage of the Ten Hours Bill (1830-1847)
- 16 The Ongoing Fight for the Vote
- 17 An Alliance with the Middle Class
- 18 Patience
Catherine Howe was born in Halifax, Yorkshire, in 1950. She trained for the theatre in the early 1960s and took roles in BBC productions throughout that decade. The Wednesday Play, Theatre 625 and series Dr Who, Z-Cars and Dixon of Dock Green are numbered among these. It was her love of song writing which brought about her first music publishing deal with Andrew Miller’s AMP company 1968. A debut album called What a Beautiful Place appeared in 1971 and another publishing deal with Carlin Music Corporation followed. It was during her time with Carlin Music, in the mid-1970s, that Catherine wrote the Ivor Novello Award winning song Harry. Family life absorbed her attention throughout the 1980s and in the following decade she studied with the Open University for a degree in History with Religious Studies. Thereafter Catherine began researching into Britain’s early nineteenth century social movements. Halifax 1842 is her second book. Catherine continues to write, record and perform songs.